However, as our scientific understanding of diseases and other heritable traits grows, we must question whether community-based marriages should be maintained.
Endogamy is the practice of marrying within the same community. One major result of endogamy is genetic diseases caused by a small gene pool.
The need to examine these practices and figure out the most effective method for selecting a life partner is growing.
Wealthy urban Indians have a higher prevalence of community-based marriages than Indians in other parts of the country. There is a genetic disorder warning when choosing a partner from the same caste. In the small gene pool, any defective gene will spread through generations. This pool’s disease-causing genetic mutations put future generations at greater risk.
It is advised not to wed in the same gotra due to the negative reactions. A woman’s gotra automatically transforms into her husband’s after marriage. It entails marrying the children of the aunt. Because the woman shares the same gene pool with her siblings, changing gotra does not alter her genes.
Right to Make a Well-Informed Choice:
There are genetic tests that can be done to see if a potential child has any genetic diseases. Gene testing and parental DNA pre-checking are becoming increasingly common in today’s society. There is no scientific evidence that genetic matches pre-examine different characteristics.
A custom gains traction:
In times when there were no effective communication tools and longer commutes between villages, getting married within one’s own community made sense.
In addition, community behavior has been shaped by our social structures for a long time, influencing everything from how people prepare food to how they pray (if they choose to).
It makes sense that parents would rather have their children get married in their communities because it is simpler to welcome a new member of the family and integrate them into established customs.
For instance, a non-veggie lover lady wedding into a customary vegan family would find her eating regimen obliged. If you don’t speak your partner’s native language, going to family gatherings can also make you feel like an outsider.
However, one has to ask if it makes sense to maintain this community-based marriage system as India’s families become more isolated and globalization transcends traditions.
Despite the rise of smaller families and rapid urbanization, community-based marriage systems persist. Surprisingly, they are more common in wealthy urban Indians than in the rest of the country.
The choice of browsing the local area is truly not off-base or untrustworthy, however it comes today with one significant admonition — hereditary sicknesses.
Communities have a small gene pool because of centuries of endogamy. If this gene pool contains a defective gene, its presence is amplified across generations. Diseases may not necessarily result from this.
The Habsburg dynasty’s jaws were a result of inbreeding, which also eventually resulted in the death of the last king, who was unable to bear children.
In a community’s gene pool, diseases caused by genetic mutations increase the risk for future generations. From Ashkenazi Jews who are predisposed to Tay-Sachs to Arya Vaisya community members who are unable to break down a particular anaesthetic molecule, there are striking examples of such phenomena all over the world.
It is interesting to note that not marrying into one's own gotra is discouraged. This framework recommends some similarity to cognisance that wedding into one's family could cause unfriendly responses. However, it is alleged that a woman's gotra shifts to that of her husband once she marries.
One is permitted to marry the children of their aunt under this system. You share an equitable gene pool with all of your cousins, and the change in gotra does not indicate that the woman’s genes have changed. The impact of a degenerate gene pool is made even worse by the custom of marrying cousins.
Freedom to make informed decisions:
As a result, there should be a warning about community-based marriages (this is true for any marriage, but endogamy increases the risk). Genetic defects and diseases may predispose the children of such a marriage.
Genetic tests are available to determine the likelihood that a child will be affected by a particular group of illnesses.
For instance, mutations that result in the blood disorder thalassemia are well-known. A child develops thalassemia major, a severe form of the disease, when both of the child’s genes are mutated. The child will have thalassemia minor, a milder form, if only one gene is mutated.
The likelihood of a child developing thalassemia can be predicted by pre-checking the parent's DNA for thalassemia-related mutations. Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis or screening the child during pregnancy could be used to identify and implant a healthy child if there is a strong likelihood.
The concept of a gene “patrika,” or test to determine whether a couple is genetically compatible, is becoming increasingly popular. Gene-testing is now becoming more common.
In any case, vigorous logical information just decides risk as to a set number of sicknesses. There is no scientific evidence to support using genetic matches to predict other traits like intelligence, health, and so on. Additionally, genetic analysis is not advanced enough to actually offer compatibility-based match recommendations. The peril of genetic